Sri Lanka

Useful Tourist Information About Sri Lanka

Location & size

Sri Lanka is known as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean and is a tear-drop shaped island off the south-east coast of India, lying just north of the Equator. It has an area of approximately 65,000 Its terrain is mostly low, flat to rolling plains with mountains in the central south interior. Its highest point is Pidurutalalagala at 2,524m with Adams Peak (Sri Pada) being 2,243m high. Its longest river is the Mahaweli River at 335km long. It has a huge range of topographic features making it one of the most scenic places in the world. Our Sri Lanka off the Beaten Track tour is a great way to discover the hidden delights of this country.

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Sri Lanka's history

There have been a wide range of influences over the island. It has a recorded history of over 2,500 years. In ancient times, it was known as Taprobane by the Ancient Greeks, Serendib by the Arabs, Ceilao by the Portuguese, which then became known as Ceylon by the British. It finally became the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka in 1948. (Lanka coming from the Sanskrit name, meaning "resplendent land" which was how the Island was described in the Indian Epic "Ramayana"). The earliest peoples were ancestors of the Wanniyala-Aetto people known as the Veddahs, descendants of which, live on the edge of the Knuckles Range in the centre of the Island. Our 8 Day Group Highlights Tour will take you on unique journey to many of the historical and religious landmarks of Sri Lanka.

Sri Lankan population

The population is approximately 20 million made up as follows:-Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 8%, Muslim 7%, Burghers (descendants of Dutch & Portuguese) & Veddahs 1%.

Religions in Sri Lanka

Buddhists - 67% of the population, Hindus - 15% of the population, Christians - 8% of the population, Muslims - 8% of the population.

Languages spoken

Sinhala is the official language, Tamil is spoken by 18% of the population. English is used as a second language.

Currency used

1 Sri Lankan Rupee consists of 100 cents. 195 Rupees is worth approximately £1.00  (Jan 2015)

Your health & safety in Sri Lanka

Please do remember that Sri Lanka is a third world country and their health and safety is very different to that of the West. In particular:

  • Hotels are not legally obliged to install 'toughened' or safety glass in their windows and doors 
  • Be aware of the height of balconies and their rails  -
  • At high viewpoints such as Sigiriya, World's End etc, there are no guardrails at the edge (extreme caution is required) 
  • Swimming pool safety - children to be accompanied at all times, do not drink alcohol when swimming and do not take glasses to the pool 
  • Swimming on the beach -  as above and do be aware there are strong currents around Sri Lanka 
  • Care crossing the road - the traffic is very unpredictable in Sri Lanka and buses and lorries will often not give way to pedestrians! 

Terrorism - fact vs fiction (updated Jan 2015)

For more than 25 years, Sri Lanka had had a conflict with the LTTE who wanted a separate state for the Tamils in the North and East of the country.  A lot was written in the press in the UK as to how dangerous it was to travel to Sri Lanka, though it should be remembered, that throughout the conflict, not one single tourist was injured or killed. In May 2009, the LTTE were overthrown and peace has returned to the whole island. Sri Lanka is safer now than it has ever been.

What to wear in Sri Lanka

Light cotton or linen clothing. It can be chilly in the hill country at night, so a sweater/microfleece is recommended. Shoulders and knees must be covered to enter temples. Would suggest you take socks to wear when entering temples as the ground can be very hot!

Public Holidays in 2018

Date Holiday
1 Jan Mon Duruthu Full Moon Poya Day
14 Jan Sun Tamil Thai Pongal Day
31 Jan Wed Navam Full Moon Poya Day
4 Feb Sun National Day
13 Feb Tue Mahasivarathri Day
1 Mar Thu Madin Full Moon Poya Day
30 Mar Fri Good Friday
31 Mar Sat Bak Full Moon Poya Day
13 Apr Fri Day Prior to Sinhala and Tamil New Year Day
14 Apr Sat Sinhala & Tamil New Year Day
29 Apr Sune Vesak Full Moon Poya Day
30 Apr Mon Day following Vesak Full Moon Poya Day
1 May Tue May Day
29 May Tue Adhi Poson Full Moon Poya Day
15 Jun Fri Id Ul-Fitr
27 Jun Wed Poson Full Moon Poya Day
27 Jul Fri Esala Full Moon Poya Day
22 Aug Wed Id Ul-Alha
25 Aug Sat Nikini Full Moon Poya Day
24 Sep Mon Binara Full Moon Poya Day
24 Oct Wed Vap Full Moon Poya Day
6 Nov Tue Deepavali
20 Nov Tue Milad un-Nabi
22 Nov Thu Ill Full Moon Poya Day
22 Dec Sat Unduvap Full Moon Poya Day
25 Dec Tue Christmas Day

Bank opening times

Banks are generally open 9am to 3pm Mon-Fri. 24hr facilities at airport.  All banks are shut at weekends and public holidays.  ATMs accepting Visa and Mastercard are widely available in cities and towns.

Credit card acceptability

Most international credit cards are accepted at major establishments including almost all major hotels.

Driving in Sri Lanka

Vehicles keep to the left. An international driving licence is required. A local driving licence is also required which can be obtained from the AA in Colombo.

Electricity on the Island

230/240 volts AC. Small 3 pin round plugs are used as well as 2 pin plugs.

Map of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Map

Entry Regulations to visit

All nationalities require a full passport that must be valid for 6 months beyond the intended length of stay.

You now need to obtain an  ETA (Electronic Travel Authorization) prior to your visit to Sri Lanka. You can apply  online ETA by visiting the following website: The ETA is only valid for 90 days from the date you apply, so dont apply too early. The ETA is initially limited to 30 days from the date of arrival and it may be extended up to six months.The charges are:35 US$ for a double entry tourist visit, Under 12s - free Transit up to 2 days - free

It is your responsibility to have the correct personal documents and obtain your ETA.

Vaccination requirements

Please consult your doctor for up to date information before you travel.


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